Four Most Common Blood Tests
A blood test is a laboratory analysis which is performed on a blood sample that is usually extracted from a vein or an artery in the arm using a needle or a pin-prick. These are done to examine the causes of certain diseases, blood sugar levels as also chemical changes in the blood. There are four common blood tests which are usually done:
Complete Blood Count is one of the mostly commonly done blood tests as a part of a routine checkup. There are different parts of the blood system which are included in this test:
- Red Blood Cells
- White Blood Cells
- Mean Corpuscular Volume
Blood Chemistry Test measures different chemicals in the blood. It includes measurement of blood glucose, calcium, and electrolyte as well as blood tests that measure kidney functions.
- Blood Glucose
Blood Enzyme Tests: Enzymes are chemicals that are helpful in controlling the chemical reactions in the human body. There are different kinds of blood enzyme tests. The two tests which are done to check heart attack include
- Troponin Test
- Creatine Kinase Test
Blood Tests to Assess the Risk of Heart Disease: There are different kinds of blood tests but some of them are focused on the heart diseases. To monitor and check the risk of a heart disease, lipoprotein panel is done. It is a kind of blood test which can help show the risk of coronary heart disease. It also looks at the substance in the blood that carries cholesterol.
Lipoprotein panel measures LDL and HDL cholesterol and also triglycerides in blood. Abnormal levels of all these may put the heart at risk and may lead to Coronary Heart Disease.